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Gauger YO-50 - History

Gauger YO-50 - History


In an oil field, an individual responsible for measuring and determining the volume of oil shipments.

(YO-5O: dp.893 (lt.) ;1.235';b.37';dr.13';s.10k.;
cpl. 34; a. none)

Ganger (YW-55) was laid down 7 January 1942 by RTC Shipbuilding Co., Camden, N.J., under a contract from Ira S. Bushby & Sons, Inc., Brooklyn, N.Y.; launched 28 May 1942, and commissioned 28 September 1942 at Philadelphia, Lt C. O. Fulgham in command.

After shakedown along the New England coast, Gauger departed Boston 22 October for Icelandic waters. She reached Reykjavik, Iceland, 7 November after sailing via Portland, Maine, and Halifax, Nova Scotia. She supplied ships with diesel oil and aviation fuel and steamed the frigid North Atlantic, searching for miles and patrolling coastal waters. She remained in Iceland until late spring 1944 when she returned to the United States.

Gauger departed Norfolk in convoy 4 July for duty in the Mediterranean. She arrived Mers-el-Kebir Algeria 20 July; and during the next year operated with the 8th Fleet, carrying liquid cargo to American ships stationed in Algeria, Tunisia, Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, and Italy. She steamed to Norfolk in July 1945, then departed 22 August for the Caribbean, where she continued to deliver gas and oil to ships stationed in the Dutch West Indies and the Canal Zone.

Gauger served in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans off Central America until 7 September 1046 when she departed Balboa, C.Z., for Pearl Harbor. Towing YFD-6 and steaming in company with Bluebird (ASR-19) Cahuilla (ATF-152) and Tawakoni (ATF-119) she reached Pearl Harbor 12 October. She provided fueling services in Hawaiian waters until 3 AIarch 1947 when she sailed for the Western Pacific. Steaming via Palmyra Island; Kwajalein, Marshalls, and Truk Carolines. she arrived Guam 20 April. For 3 months she served ships at Guam and made a fueling run to Truk during June.

Gauger decommissioned at Guam 21 July and was brought back to the United States late in the year, arriving San Diego, Calif., in December. She was placed in reserve under the 11th Naval District, at present she is berthed at San Diego with ships of the Pacific Reserve Fleet.

Gauger received two battle stars for World War II service.

Geiger counter

A Geiger counter is an instrument used for detecting and measuring ionizing radiation. Also known as a Geiger–Müller counter (or Geiger–Muller counter), it is widely used in applications such as radiation dosimetry, radiological protection, experimental physics, and the nuclear industry.

It detects ionizing radiation such as alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma rays using the ionization effect produced in a Geiger–Müller tube, which gives its name to the instrument. [1] In wide and prominent use as a hand-held radiation survey instrument, it is perhaps one of the world's best-known radiation detection instruments.

The original detection principle was realized in 1908 at the University of Manchester, [2] but it was not until the development of the Geiger–Müller tube in 1928 that the Geiger counter could be produced as a practical instrument. Since then, it has been very popular due to its robust sensing element and relatively low cost. However, there are limitations in measuring high radiation rates and the energy of incident radiation. [3]

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"One of the moments I'll cherish my entire life,'' Mickelson said. "I don't know how to describe the feeling of excitement and fulfillment and accomplishment to do something of this magnitude when very few people thought that I could.''

That list of people didn't include Mickelson. Never mind that he had not won in more than two years, had not registered a top 20 in nearly nine months and last won a major in 2013 at The Open. Never mind that he was No. 115 in the world.

"This is just an incredible feeling because I believed it was possible, but everything was saying it wasn't," Mickelson said.

Julius Boros for 53 years held the distinction of golf's oldest major champion. He was 48 when he won the 1968 PGA Championship in San Antonio.

The record now belongs to Mickelson, whose legacy is as much rooted in longevity as any of the skills that have made him among the most exciting players in the game.

Mickelson became the 10th player to win majors in three decades, an elite list that starts with Harry Vardon and was most recently achieved by Tiger Woods.

Woods, who won the Masters in 2019 at age 43 after four back surgeries, was among those to send a tweet of congratulations.

Truly inspirational to see @PhilMickelson do it again at 50 years of age. Congrats.

— Tiger Woods (@TigerWoods) May 23, 2021

Three months after 43-year-old Tom Brady won a seventh Super Bowl, Mickelson added to this year of ageless wonders.

Mickelson became the first player in PGA Tour history to win tournaments 30 years apart. The first of his 45 titles was in 1991 when he was still a junior at Arizona State.

"He's been on tour as long as I've been alive,'' Jon Rahm said. "For him to keep that willingness to play and compete and practice, it's truly admirable.''

Koepka and Oosthuizen had their chances, but only briefly. Koepka was 4 over on the three par-5s he faced when the game was still on and closed with a 74. Oosthuizen hit into the water as he was trying to make a final run and shot 73.

"Phil played great,'' Koepka said. "It's pretty cool to see, but a bit disappointed in myself.''

This was history in the making, and no one wanted to miss it.

Pure chaos broke out along the 18th hole after Mickelson hit 9-iron safely to just outside 15 feet and all but secured a most improbable victory. Thousands of fans engulfed him down the fairway -- a scene typically seen only at the Open Championship -- until Mickelson emerged into view with a thumbs-up.

Phil Mickelson became the first player in PGA Tour history to win tournaments 30 years apart. The first of his 45 titles was in 1991 when he was still a junior at Arizona State. Stacy Revere/Getty Images

"I've never had an experience like that," Mickelson said. "Slightly unnerving but exceptionally awesome.''

Chants of "Lefty! Lefty! Lefty!'' chased him onto the green and into the scoring tent, his final duty of a week he won't soon forget.

Tom Watson came close at Turnberry in 2009 when, at age 59, he had a 1-shot lead playing the 18th hole and made bogey, losing The Open in a playoff to Stewart Cink. Greg Norman was 53 when he had the 54-hole lead at Royal Birkdale and failed to hang on in the 2008 Open.

Mickelson didn't let this chance pass him by.

"It was like the Phil that I remember watching just when I turned pro, and it was great to see,'' Oosthuizen said. "I mean, what an achievement to win a major at 50 years old, and he deserves all of that today.''

Mickelson finished at 6-under 282.

The victory came one week after Mickelson accepted a special exemption into the U.S. Open because, at No. 115 in the world and winless the past two years, he no longer was exempt from qualifying. As recently as a month ago, he was concerned that he could not keep his focus for 18 holes and kept throwing away shots that set him back.

And then he beat the strongest field of the year -- 99 of the top 100 players -- and made it look easy at times.

The PGA Championship had the largest and loudest crowd since the return from the COVID-19 pandemic -- the PGA of America said it limited tickets to 10,000, and it seemed like twice that many -- and it was clear what the fans wanted to see.

The opening hour made it seem as though the final day could belong to anyone. The wind finished its switch to the opposite direction from the opening rounds, and while there was low scoring early, Mickelson and Koepka traded brilliance and blunder.

Koepka flew the green with a wedge on the par-5 second hole, could only chip it about 6 feet to get out of an impossible lie and made double bogey, a 3-shot swing when Mickelson hit a deft pitch from thick grass behind the green.

When collecting your family health history

  • Include your parents, sisters, brothers, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews
  • Make sure to document both your mother&rsquos side of the family and your father&rsquos side of the family
  • Document which relatives have had cancer, the type(s) of cancer they have had, and the ages at which they were diagnosed
  • Report any history of polyps that each relative has had
  • List the age and cause of death for relatives who have died
  • Share your family health history with your doctor
  • Update your family health history regularly and alert your doctor to any new diagnosis

If you are concerned about your personal or family health history of colorectal cancer, talk to your doctor. If you need help getting started, visit the Surgeon General&rsquos Family Health History tool.

What Stoever family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Stoever. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Stoever census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 577 immigration records available for the last name Stoever. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 397 military records available for the last name Stoever. For the veterans among your Stoever ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Stoever. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Stoever census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 577 immigration records available for the last name Stoever. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 397 military records available for the last name Stoever. For the veterans among your Stoever ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

Cracking Your Knuckles Causes Arthritis

For generations, parents and teachers alike terrorized children with the idea that cracking their knuckles would leave them with brittle, arthritic hands later in life. In reality, there is no connection. The "cracking" is actually bubbles bursting in the synovial fluid that surrounds the knuckles. Cracking knuckles can, however, diminish grip strength — and if you're not sure whether the habit is annoying, just ask the person next to you on the bus.

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Questions About Their Adult Life

  1. What was the full name of your spouse? Siblings? Parents?
  2. When and how did you meet your spouse? What did you do on dates?
  3. What was it like when you proposed (or were proposed to)? Where and when did it happen? How did you feel?
  4. Where and when did you get married?
  5. What memory stands out the most from your wedding day?
  6. How would you describe your spouse? What do (did) you admire most about them?
  7. What do you believe is the key to a successful marriage?
  8. How did you find out you were going to be a parent for the first time?
  9. Why did you choose your children's names?
  10. What was your proudest moment as a parent?
  11. What did your family enjoy doing together?
  12. What was your profession and how did you choose it?
  13. If you could have had any other profession, what would it have been? Why wasn't this your first choice?
  14. Of all the things you learned from your parents, what do you feel was the most valuable?
  15. What accomplishments are you most proud of?
  16. What is the one thing you most want people to remember about you?

While these questions make great conversation starters, the best way to uncover the good stuff is through more of a storytelling session than a Q&A.


Coenzyme Q (CoQ) is ubiquitously embedded in lipid bilayers of various cellular organelles. As a redox cycler, CoQ shuttles electrons between mitochondrial complexes and extramitochondrial reductases and oxidases. In this way, CoQ is crucial for maintaining the mitochondrial function, ATP synthesis, and redox homeostasis. Cardiomyocytes have a high metabolic rate and rely heavily on mitochondria to provide energy. CoQ levels, in both plasma and the heart, correlate with heart failure in patients, indicating that CoQ is critical for cardiac function. Moreover, CoQ supplementation in clinics showed promising results for treating heart failure. This review provides a comprehensive view of CoQ metabolism and its interaction with redox enzymes and reactive species. We summarize the clinical trials and applications of CoQ in heart failure and discuss the caveats and future directions to improve CoQ therapeutics.

Evangelical University Praises IT Chief Who Allegedly Participated In Trump Poll Fraud

Liberty University, an evangelical institution in Virginia with a long history of activism supporting Donald Trump, has reiterated its support for its employee John Gauger, who allegedly struck business deals with the president’s embattled former lawyer Michael Cohen.

Gauger, the university’s chief information officer and vice president of analytics, is also the owner of the tech company RedFinch Solutions. On Thursday, The Wall Street Journal reported that Cohen hired RedFinch in 2015 to rig online polls in Trump’s favor.

In a post on Twitter, Cohen acknowledged the poll rigging and said he ordered it “at the direction of and for the sole benefit of” Trump.

The Journal also reported that Cohen asked Gauger during the 2016 presidential campaign to create a @WomenForCohen Twitter account that praised Cohen as a “sex symbol” and tried to boost the attorney’s public image.

Liberty University appears unruffled by allegations about Gauger. In a statement released to CNN and other outlets on Thursday, the university painted him as just another employee who pursues “business, consulting, and other side work.”

“John Gauger is one example among many outstanding LU employees who have made great contributions in their official roles and also enjoyed success as independent entrepreneurs, allowing them to enhance their capabilities and generate more revenue for their families while allowing the University to retain them on our team,” the university said.

Liberty University was founded by Jerry Falwell Sr., a fundamentalist preacher who led the Moral Majority movement of the 1970s and 1980s. Under his son Jerry Falwell Jr., Liberty has become one of the largest Christian universities in the country.

Falwell Jr. was among the first evangelical leaders to endorse Trump, in January 2016. Since then, Falwell has often stepped in to defend Trump’s controversial statements and actions. Falwell’s support has helped boost the president’s credentials among evangelical Christians.

The Journal reports that the relationship between Trump, Cohen and Liberty University dates back to at least 2012, when Falwell invited Trump to speak at a school convocation, a thrice-weekly mandatory general assembly of students and staff. Cohen reportedly accompanied Trump during that trip.

Soon after the event, Gauger was introduced to Cohen, the Journal reports. The introduction reportedly led to a business relationship between Gauger and Cohen that lasted for years.

Gauger did not immediately respond to a request for more information about who facilitated that introduction, and a Liberty University representative declined to comment.

Falwell has tried to make it clear that his support for Trump is a personal decision that doesn’t reflect the views of the university as a whole.

Still, Gauger’s involvement with Cohen is yet another example of the many ties linking Liberty University staffers, students and alumni with Trump.

The president has made a number of high-profile visits to Liberty University over the years. It was there in 2016 that he made a now-famous reference to “Two Corinthians,” flubbing a book of the Bible (usually called Second Corinthians) and eliciting snickers from some Liberty students.

In May 2017, Trump chose to give his first commencement speech as president at Liberty University ― breaking from a tradition by Presidents Barack Obama, George W. Bush, Ronald Reagan and Jimmy Carter, all of whom gave their first commencement addresses in office at the University of Notre Dame.

Trump has received two honorary degrees from Liberty University ― one in business in 2012 and another in law in 2017.

Liberty University’s students and staff have also shown support for the president.

In September, students leaped into action to defend Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh, who was battling allegations that he sexually assaulted a woman while he was in high school. On the day he and his accuser were scheduled to testify in front of the Senate Judiciary Committee, about 300 Liberty University students traveled to Washington on four buses to show their support for Kavanaugh.

The trip was reportedly sponsored by the university and the conservative nonprofit Concerned Women for America, whose president and CEO, Penny Nance, is a Liberty alumna and trustee.

At a convocation before the trip, Falwell reportedly told students that the effort was an attempt to counteract protesters from Yale University who were critical of Kavanaugh’s nomination. He announced that students who made the trip would be excused from classes, according to Lynchburg’s News and Advance.

Liberty University students were also involved in a film, “The Trump Prophecy,” which promotes the belief that Trump was chosen by God to lead the United States and restore its Judeo-Christian heritage ― a theory that is quite popular in some white evangelical circles. More than 50 Liberty University students and staffers worked on the movie as part of a spring semester film project last year, according to The Christian Post.

The idea for the project reportedly grew out of a partnership between Stephan Schultze, the head of Liberty’s cinema program and the film’s director, and Rick Eldridge, a Christian film producer. Schultze told The Christian Post that the film was not meant to be an endorsement of Trump. However, the project was apparently vetted and approved by the school’s administration.

Some Liberty University students and alumni have protested the school’s association with Trump, with dozens of graduates even saying they planned to return their diplomas over the issue.

The university has also drawn flak for appearing to censor speech on campus that is critical of Falwell or his support for Trump.

A leading member of the university’s executive committee who criticized Falwell’s endorsement of Trump in 2016 was reportedly later asked to step down from the committee. That year, a student editor at the Liberty Champion, the school newspaper claimed Falwell pulled an op-ed that criticized Trump’s lewd comments about sexual assault on a 2005 “Access Hollywood” tape.

Falwell later said that the op-ed would have been “redundant,” since another one supporting candidate Hillary Clinton was also being published by the school newspaper.

Last April, another student journalist claimed Falwell shut down her efforts to report on a Lynchburg event organized by progressive evangelicals who were critical of his ties with Trump.

Frustrated former editors at the Liberty Champion launched their own news website in October, entirely independent of the university.

Sarah Jackson, the independent paper’s opinion editor, told the News and Advance in November that her paper gives students the chance to write without restrictions.

“We want to tackle controversial topics because those are the things that students are interested in and those are the things that matter to them,” she said. “We want students to be aware of and engage with these topics because critical thinking is something that every person needs and it’s something that I think Liberty would benefit from if we had more of it.”

Falwell has rejected the notion that he has censored the campus newspaper.

In a recent interview with The Washington Post, Falwell suggested that there was nothing Trump could do that would endanger evangelicals’ support.

“I know that he only wants what’s best for this country, and I know anything he does, it may not be ideologically ‘conservative,’ but it’s going to be what’s best for this country,” Falwell said. “And I can’t imagine him doing anything that’s not good for the country.”

The oldest golf major winners in history: 10 players Phil Mickelson is chasing

Julius Boros, left, won a major at 48. Can Phil Mickelson win one at 50?

History awaits Phil Mickelson in the final round of the 103rd PGA Championship.

Through 54 holes, he is one stroke clear of Brooks Koepka at the Ocean Course on Kiawah Island. If Mickelson can hang on and win Sunday, he would become not only a six-time major champion (joining Nick Faldo and Lee Trevino) but, at 50 years 11 months and 3 days old, also the oldest-ever winner of a major championship.

It’s a record Mickelson would break comfortably. No 50-year-old has won a major. No 49-year-old, either. The oldest major champion is Julius Boros, who was 48 when he won the 1968 PGA Championship at Pecan Valley GC, in San Antonio, Texas.

Count Jordan Spieth among the Phil believers.

“The guy’s got four good rounds in him on any golf course, and no one would bet against that,” Spieth said on Friday. “And what he did in the wind, last two days, with his accuracy struggles, to carve it into these fairways? And to be gaining strokes on the field and to shoot those scores in the conditions we’ve had? That’s pretty awesome.”

For your trivial pleasure, here are the 10 oldest major winners that Mickelson is aiming to eclipse:

Julius Boros — 1968 PGA Championship, 48 years, 4 months, 18 days

Old Tom Morris — 1867 British Open, 46 years, 3 months, 10 days

Jack Nicklaus — 1986 Masters, 46 years, 2 months, 23 days

Jack Nicklaus en route to green jacket number six.

Jerry Barber — 1961 PGA Championship, 45 years, 3 months, 6 days

Hale Irwin — 1990 U.S. Open, 45 years, 15 days

Lee Trevino — 1984 PGA Championship, 44 years, 8 months, 18 days

Roberto De Vicenzo —1967 British Open, 44 years, 3 months, 1 day

Roberto De Vicenzo at Royal Liverpool in 1967.

Harry Vardon — 1914 British Open, 44 years, 1 month, 10 days

Raymond Floyd — 1986 U.S. Open, 43 years, 9 months, 11 days

Ted Ray — 1920 U.S. Open, 43 years, 4 months, 16 days

Fifty may not be what it used to be — not with supercharged modern equipment and an emphasis on fitness that was not in play a generation ago — but still, give Mickelson his due. Beating players half your age on the longest major venue in history would be nothing short of an achievement, well, for the ages.