History Podcasts

Robert Gardner

Robert Gardner


Gardner History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the name Gardner dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from a member of the family who worked as a gardener. The surname Gardner originally derived from the Old French word gardinier. [1]

It was later adopted in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Occupational names that were derived from the common trades of the medieval era transcended European cultural and linguistic boundaries. Occupational names have remained fairly common in the modern period. This is attested to by the continuing appearance of occupational suffixes at the end of many English surnames. Some of these suffixes include: herd, monger, maker, hewer, smith, and wright. Similarly, surnames of office, which include military, judicial, papal and other positions of authority, are widespread throughout Europe. Those who were involved in the military, or feudal armies, were given names such as the English surname Archer, the French name Chevalier and the German name Jeger, which means hunter. Names that were derived from judicial and papal titles, such asBailiffe, Squire and Abbott, are still commonly seen with the same surname spelling today.

Set of 4 Coffee Mugs and Keychains

$69.95 $48.95

Early Origins of the Gardner family

The surname Gardner was first found in Oxfordshire where they held a family seat from very early times. Early records show William le Gardinier in county Rutland in 1199 William Gardin, listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Huntingdon in 1218, John atte Gardyne, listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296 and Walter le Gardiner listed in the Subsidy Rolls for London in 1292. [2]

The name is "most characteristic of the midland counties, and of the eastern counties south of the Wash. Singularly rare in the south - west, and in the north of England, excepting Lancashire. At present best represented in Essex, Lancashire, and Warwickshire." [3]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 has the following entries for the family: Geoffrey le Gardiner, Oxfordshire Richard le Gardiner, Cambridgeshire Ralph le Gardener, Huntingdonshire and William le Gardiner, or Gardener, Lincolnshire. [4]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 had only two entries:Thomas Gardiner and Thomas Garchiner as holding lands there at that time.

In Scotland, the name was rendered in Latin charters as ortolanus and under that spelling the first Scottish record was found: Rogerus Ortolanus, who was juror on an inquest in 1296. "In 1329 there is record of meal delivered to Nicholas Gerdener who is again referred to as Nicholas ortolanus. Gilbert ortolanus is also referred to in the same source. Robert Gardnar was a notary public in the diocese of Dunblane in 1426." [5]


Robert Garland

Dr. Robert S.J. Garland is the Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics at Colgate University. He earned his B.A. in Classics from Manchester University, his M.A. in Classics from McMaster University, and his Ph.D. in Ancient History from University College London.

A former Fulbright Scholar and recipient of the George Grote Ancient History Prize, Professor Garland has educated students and audiences at a variety of levels. In addition to teaching classics at Colgate University, he has taught English and Drama to secondary school students and lectured at universities throughout Britain as well as the British School of Archaeology in Athens.

Professor Garland is the author of numerous articles in both academic and popular journ Dr. Robert S.J. Garland is the Roy D. and Margaret B. Wooster Professor of the Classics at Colgate University. He earned his B.A. in Classics from Manchester University, his M.A. in Classics from McMaster University, and his Ph.D. in Ancient History from University College London.

A former Fulbright Scholar and recipient of the George Grote Ancient History Prize, Professor Garland has educated students and audiences at a variety of levels. In addition to teaching classics at Colgate University, he has taught English and Drama to secondary school students and lectured at universities throughout Britain as well as the British School of Archaeology in Athens.

Professor Garland is the author of numerous articles in both academic and popular journals and books capturing details of all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman life, including The Greek Way of Life: From Conception to Old Age Introducing New Gods: The Politics of Athenian Religion and Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks. His expertise has been featured in The History Channel's "Last Stand of the 300," and he has repeatedly served as a consultant for educational film companies. . more


[August 13, 2014] Dr. Robert Granville Gardner, Former BH&HS President, Passes Away at Age 90

Dr. Robert G. Gardner, an exceptional individual and extraordinary historian, was president of the Baptist History and Heritage Society from 1983-1984 and recipient of the Society’s W. O. Carver Award in 1986. Pastor, professor, archivist and author, he was well-beloved for his kindness, wit, warmth and encyclopedic memory. Robert Gardner will be missed in the Baptist family. The Summer 2014 Baptist History & Heritage Journal will feature a remembrance of Robert Gardner. Below is an obituary as distributed by the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship of Georgia. — Bruce Gourley, executive director, Baptist History and Heritage Society

Dr. Robert Granville Gardner, 90, husband of Anne Fargason Gardner, died at his home in Macon on August 11. A memorial service will be held at the First Baptist Church of Christ, 511 High Place, on Friday, August 15, at 2:00 p.m.

Born in Lima, Ohio, he was the son of Ernest Granville and Gertrude Roberts Gardner. After service in the United States Air Force, 1943 to 1946, he was graduated from Mercer University with the bachelor of arts degree in Christianity and philosophy (1949) and from Duke University with the bachelor of divinity degree (1952) and doctor of philosophy degree in church history (1957).

Ordained to the gospel ministry in 1947, he was pastor of four Baptist churches in Georgia and North Carolina. Beginning in 1957 he was associate professor or professor of religion at Shorter College, Rome, Georgia. For twenty-five years he was college historian/archivist. He was named professor emeritus of religion at his retirement in 1994. He was a member of First Baptist Church, Rome, and later First Baptist Church of Christ, Macon.

He was visiting professor at the Philippine Baptist Theological Seminary, 1967, and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Louisville, Kentucky, 1976 and 1983. From 1995 to 2012 he was senior researcher in Baptist history at Mercer University, Macon.

Gardner was author of six books and numerous pamphlets, articles, book chapters, and reviews dealing with the history of Baptists. He was editor of Viewpoints: Georgia Baptist History, 1971 to 1997. For forty years he took an active part in the Georgia Baptist Historical Society and the Baptist History and Heritage Society, serving as president of each.

He received “The Distinguished Service Award for Outstanding Contributions to Baptist History” from the Historical Commission, Southern Baptist Convention, 1986, and “Citation for Outstanding Achievement in the Field of Georgia Baptist History” from the Historical Commission, Georgia Baptist Convention, 1992.

Survivors include Anne Fargason Gardner, his wife of sixty-six years, Macon Susan G. (Frank) Broome, his daughter, Macon David R. (Judy) Gardner, his son, Lorane, Oregon three grandchildren, Anna V. (Chad) Davis and Zachary F. Broome, Macon, and J. Truitt Broome, Athens two great-granddaughters, Madeline J. Davis and Audrey F. Davis, Macon. The family will receive friends in the church sanctuary both before and after the service.

Donations may be made to the Fargason-Gardner Scholarship Fund, Mercer University McAfee School of Theology, 3001 Mercer University Drive, Atlanta 30341, or the Robert G. and Anne F. Gardner Endowed Fund for Baptist History and Research, Mercer University Tarver Library, 1300 Edgewood Avenue, Macon 31207. Hart’s Mortuary and Crematory, Cherry Street, has charge of arrangements. Click here for the online obituary and guestbook.


All logos are the trademark & property of their owners and not Sports Reference LLC. We present them here for purely educational purposes. Our reasoning for presenting offensive logos.

Logos were compiled by the amazing SportsLogos.net.

Copyright © 2000-2021 Sports Reference LLC. All rights reserved.

Much of the play-by-play, game results, and transaction information both shown and used to create certain data sets was obtained free of charge from and is copyrighted by RetroSheet.

Win Expectancy, Run Expectancy, and Leverage Index calculations provided by Tom Tango of InsideTheBook.com, and co-author of The Book: Playing the Percentages in Baseball.

Total Zone Rating and initial framework for Wins above Replacement calculations provided by Sean Smith.

Full-year historical Major League statistics provided by Pete Palmer and Gary Gillette of Hidden Game Sports.

Some defensive statistics Copyright © Baseball Info Solutions, 2010-2021.

Some high school data is courtesy David McWater.

Many historical player head shots courtesy of David Davis. Many thanks to him. All images are property the copyright holder and are displayed here for informational purposes only.


Career and Theories

After spending time working with two very different groups, normal and gifted children, and brain-damaged adults, Gardner began developing a theory designed to synthesize his research and observations. In 1983, he published Frames of Mind which outlined his theory of multiple intelligences.

According to this theory, people have many different ways of learning. Unlike traditional theories of intelligence that focus on one single general intelligence, Gardner believed that people instead have multiple different ways of thinking and learning.  

He has since identified and described eight different kinds of intelligence:

  • Interpersonal intelligence
  • Intrapersonal intelligence
  • Kinesthetic intelligence
  • Linguistic-verbal intelligence
  • Mathematical intelligence
  • Musical intelligence
  • Naturalistic intelligence
  • Visual-spatial intelligence

He has also proposed the possible addition of a ninth type which he refers to as "existential intelligence."  

Gardner's theory has perhaps had the greatest impact within the field of education, where it has received considerable attention and use. His conceptualization of intelligence as more than a single, solitary quality has opened the doors for further research and different ways of thinking about human intelligence.

Researcher Mindy L. Kornhaber has suggested that the theory of multiple intelligences is so popular within the field of education because it:

"Validates educators' everyday experience: students think and learn in many different ways. It also provides educators with a conceptual framework for organizing and reflecting on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. In turn, this reflection has led many educators to develop new approaches that might better meet the needs of the range of learners in their classrooms."  

Gardner currently serves as the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Research Professor of Cognition and Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. He is also an adjunct professor of psychology at Harvard University and senior director of Harvard Project Zero.


Genre/Form: Autobiographies
Biographies
History
Sources
Biography
Document Type: Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Robert Gardner George S Tanner

Abstract:

Also includes account of the author's mission to Canada (1857-1858) and his subsequent recall because of the Utah War, along with his family's move to settle St. George, Utah. Ends with text of Gardner's patriarchal blessing, genealogical information about the family, and excerpts from the journal of his brother, Archibald.


GARDNER Genealogy

WikiTree is a community of genealogists growing an increasingly-accurate collaborative family tree that's 100% free for everyone forever. Please join us.

Please join us in collaborating on GARDNER family trees. We need the help of good genealogists to grow a completely free shared family tree to connect us all.

IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. WIKITREE PROTECTS MOST SENSITIVE INFORMATION BUT ONLY TO THE EXTENT STATED IN THE TERMS OF SERVICE AND PRIVACY POLICY.


Multiple Intelligences are Not Learning Styles

While Gardner’s MI have been conflated with “learning styles,” Gardner himself denies that they are one in the same. The problem Gardner has expressed with the idea of “learning styles” is that the concept is ill defined and there “is not persuasive evidence that the learning style analysis produces more effective outcomes than a ‘one size fits all approach’” (as cited in Strauss, 2013). As former Assistant Director of Vanderbilt University’s Center for Teaching Nancy Chick (n.d.) pointed out, “Despite the popularity of learning styles and inventories such as the VARK, it’s important to know that there is no evidence to support the idea that matching activities to one’s learning style improves learning.” One tip Gardner offers educators is to “pluralize your teaching,” in other words to teach in multiple ways to help students learn, to “convey what it means to understand something well,” and to demonstrate your own understanding. He also recommends we “drop the term ‘styles.’ It will confuse others and it won’t help either you or your students” (as cited in Strauss, 2013).


Watch the video: 53+ Minute ASMR Chiropractic Adjustment Compilation (January 2022).